Native Peoples and Cowboy culture have each shaped and been shaped by the prairies in this region. However, native prairies are in decline due to a large population influx and a lack of understanding by the public of their importance. Less than 1% of native prairies still remain. Thus, conserving native prairies and educating the public is an important and ongoing effort. This page contains resources relevant to that effort.

TPWD Milkweed Identification Guide

Check out TPWD’s Texas Nature Trackers!

Our Presentations (Zoom)
What’s Been Flowering on the Fort Worth Prairie (August 10, 2020)

Local Prairie Resources
Dyksterhuis’ original article describing the Fort Worth Prairie
Cross Timbers Connection
Post Oak & Prairies Journal
Fort Worth Nature Center and Refuge
Tandy Hills

Prairie links and other educational organizations
Native Prairies Association of Texas (NPAT) – – see this site for significant resources for the landowner, educators and more.
Texas Society for Ecological Restoration
Texas Master Naturalist

Other relevant conservation organizations
Botanical Research Institute of Texas (BRIT)
Native Plant Society of Texas (NPSoT)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Sierra Club
Texas Parks and Wildlife
The Nature Conservancy of Texas

Prairie History
The Chisholm Trail – Texas Historical Commission
The Vegetation of Texas (historic account)

Prairie Resources
Native American Seed
Plant Native! (Texas Smartscape)
Collecting native plants
Tallgrass Prairie Center (check out their plant production manual!)
Southern Plains & Prairies Conference 2015 – presentations on YouTube

Here is a great resource link list from our partner Texas Society for Ecological Restoration: 

Helpful Hints for Landowners
The Private Landowner Network is a great resource that hosts most all links you need to kick off your research on what programs are available to landowners wishing to manage their property for conservation.

Directly from the Texas Society for Ecological Restoration monthly newsletter Restoration Field Notes (March 2015)

The Mindful Conservationist
By:  Jill Nokes, Hill Country Land Trust, Austin, Texas

In this essay, I hope to share some lessons about restoration that we, as new landowners in Llano County, have learned over that past 6 years. In our efforts to help our land recover and improve, we have tried to combine science-based strategies with personal “place making” efforts that provide satisfaction in the short term, and fuel commitment over the long haul.

Overview: The rigorous structure of scientific inquiry offers guidance to the average landowner, but I have found that outcomes are more successful when protocols take into consideration the personal experience of working on the land. Many new landowners discover that they are more successful when they plan their projects within a psychological framework that continuously connects them to what inspired them to buy their property in the first place. Typically it’s some aspect of scenic beauty such as a high vista, live water, or other appealing landscape feature that draws people into land ownership. Yet after the deed is signed it’s not long before questions arise: “What am I seeing? What is it supposed to look like? Where do I start first? What is the best tool and method? How long does it take, what does it cost, and what are reasonable expectations for success?”

First, Do No Harm:  The most powerful tool a landowner can employ is patience.  Taking time to learn one’s property, to develop an intimate relationship over several climate cycles, to devote time to just being present in the landscape will offer owners knowledge beyond price.  Patience helps landowners avoid common mistakes such as hasty extensive clearing or wasteful spending on “beautification” projects that yield few ecological benefits. Investing time to slowly observe changes in the land will help landowners refine their questions and goals, essential for successful planning.

Foster Place Attachment:  I’m often amazed by landowners who, when showing me a fantastic feature such as a steep box canyon, don’t have even a rough trail to reach it by foot. It may be obvious, but making even temporary paths help develop a sense of scale and a way to recognize landmarks, to easily notice seasonal changes, and to monitor results of different projects such as seeding or clearing.  Engaging the family to designate place names on aerial maps is another simple but powerful tool to encourage exploration, discovery, and deep knowledge of place.  Access to “sweet spots” such as a riparian corridor or wooded lot can offer relatively easy initial “low hanging fruit” projects such as removing juniper from beneath the canopies of a few large trees.  These kinds of small-scale projects are good ways to begin to get a feeling for the work involved while also providing the instant satisfaction of seeing positive change after a few hours.

Your Teachers Are Waiting:  I’ve also been amazed by the abundance of experts, aficionados, and agencies that are out there to help landowners seeking information and advice. If folks remain curious and open-minded, they will discover plenty of experienced people eager to answer questions in ways the Internet alone could never match.

Set Reasonable Goals:  Its easy to get overwhelmed and distracted by the innumerable projects needing attention on ones property, but setting clear goals will help the landowner more effectively distribute resources of time, effort, and money. Examples proposed in this simple planning exercise below may help some articulate their values and intentions, whether they are doing the work themselves or hiring help.

  1. Objectives:  Identify those higher aims that reflect the larger landscape and your stewardship legacy.

Example:  To assist in the recovery and enhancement of the landscape in a steady, incremental way that encourages greater diversity of wildlife and plants, increased resiliency during drought cycles, and higher functioning of natural systems.

  1. Goals:  Aspirations specific to your property


  1. The recovery and enhanced diversity of native grasslands.
  2. Improvement of woodland habitat, especially along riparian corridor.

III.  Strategies:  Going about the plan by following integrated steps


  1. Efforts will be focused on a series of discrete zones, each over a three to five year period. Results will be evaluated each year before expanding to a new area.
  2. White brush, prickly pear, Mexican persimmon, and tasajillo will be selectively removed where they encroach and compete with the high value hardwoods along the riparian corridor. Certain areas will remain untouched for wildlife cover.
  1. Tactics:  Add as many specific details as needed.  For example, seed lists, chemical names, dates, etc.  Provide a timeline, and decide how you are going to decide if your methods have been effective.


  1. Use tractor, chemical, and hand clearing to reduce prickly pear coverage. Compare results.
  2. Re-sprouting mesquite and lotebush will be controlled with herbicide.

Having a plan on hand will help the landowner focus attention and resources on smaller, discrete areas and also provide opportunities for “course corrections” if the strategy or climate cycle has affected outcomes. It will also help when a sister-in-law asks if she can bring over her unwanted llamas or geriatric donkeys because “you have so much room.” If conservation-minded owners have articulated the objectives for their precious piece of earth, they will quickly recognize which actions serve the land – and them – best.


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